Genetic relationships between resistance to stalk-tunneling by the European corn borer and cell-wall components in maize population B73×B52
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- Cardinal, A.J. & Lee, M. Theor Appl Genet (2005) 111: 1. doi:10.1007/s00122-004-1831-5
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The objective of this study was to assess the relationships among quantitative trait loci (QTL) detected for European corn borer (ECB) tunneling and cell-wall components (CWC) neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and acid detergent lignin (ADL) content in leaf-sheath and stalk tissues in a maize recombinant inbred line population derived from inbred lines B73 and B52. Most of the QTL for ECB resistance (10/13) were at QTL positions for one or more CWC. Of the 12 QTL for NDF and ADF in leaf-sheaths, five for each trait were at or near QTL for ECB tunneling. Four of these five QTL for NDF and ADF mapped to common locations. Four of the eight leaf-sheath ADL QTL were detected in the same genomic regions as ECB QTL. For stalk tissue, four regions contained common/overlapping QTL for ECB tunneling, NDF, and ADF. Six such regions were observed for stalk ADL and ECB tunneling. Seven of the ten QTL associated with both CWC and ECB tunneling contributed to the negative correlations observed between these traits, while relatively few QTL effects were positively correlated. This suggests that while CWC contribute to ECB resistance in this population, other mechanisms and other genes also are involved. Several QTL contributing to the negative correlations between ECB tunneling and CWC in the leaf-sheaths mapped to similar positions as QTL detected in tropical maize populations for resistance to leaf-feeding by Diatraea grandiosella Dyar and Diatraea saccharalis Fabricus. These regions may contain genes involved in the synthesis of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in the leaf-blades and leaf-sheaths of maize.