Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 98, Issue 12, pp 1057–1061

Tympanal mechanics and neural responses in the ears of a noctuid moth

  • Hannah M. ter Hofstede
  • Holger R. Goerlitz
  • Fernando Montealegre-Z
  • Daniel Robert
  • Marc W. Holderied
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-011-0851-7

Cite this article as:
ter Hofstede, H.M., Goerlitz, H.R., Montealegre-Z, F. et al. Naturwissenschaften (2011) 98: 1057. doi:10.1007/s00114-011-0851-7

Abstract

Ears evolved in many groups of moths to detect the echolocation calls of predatory bats. Although the neurophysiology of bat detection has been intensively studied in moths for decades, the relationship between sound-induced movement of the noctuid tympanic membrane and action potentials in the auditory sensory cells (A1 and A2) has received little attention. Using laser Doppler vibrometry, we measured the velocity and displacement of the tympanum in response to pure tone pulses for moths that were intact or prepared for neural recording. When recording from the auditory nerve, the displacement of the tympanum at the neural threshold remained constant across frequencies, whereas velocity varied with frequency. This suggests that the key biophysical parameter for triggering action potentials in the sensory cells of noctuid moths is tympanum displacement, not velocity. The validity of studies on the neurophysiology of moth hearing rests on the assumption that the dissection and recording procedures do not affect the biomechanics of the ear. There were no consistent differences in tympanal velocity or displacement when moths were intact or prepared for neural recordings for sound levels close to neural threshold, indicating that this and other neurophysiological studies provide good estimates of what intact moths hear at threshold.

Keywords

Moth auditory biomechanics Neurophysiology Auditory threshold Lepidoptera 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannah M. ter Hofstede
    • 1
    • 2
  • Holger R. Goerlitz
    • 1
  • Fernando Montealegre-Z
    • 1
  • Daniel Robert
    • 1
  • Marc W. Holderied
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK