Short Communication

Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 237-241

First online:

A new Early Oligocene peradectine marsupial (Mammalia)from the Burqin region of Xinjiang, China

  • Xijun NiAffiliated withInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of SciencesDivision of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History Email author 
  • , Jin MengAffiliated withDivision of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History
  • , Wenyu WuAffiliated withInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Jie YeAffiliated withInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Abstract

Tertiary marsupial records are very scarce in Asia. A new peradectine marsupial, Junggaroperadectes burqinensis gen. et sp. nov., is reported from the Early Oligocene Keziletuogayi Formation in the Burqin region, Xinjiang, China. This new species is based on a single right upper M2. The tooth possesses a straight centrocrista, a characteristic of peradectines. Its main cusps lean buccally, with the paracone being smaller and lower than the metacone. The conules and stylar cusps are weakly developed. These characters distinguish J. burqinensis from Euro-American Tertiary peradectines, but they also imply a close phylogenetic relationship to Siamoperadectes and Sinoperadectes, two Asian Early Miocene peradectines.