Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 91, Issue 1, pp 22–25

New Early Cretaceous fossil from China documents a novel trophic specialization for Mesozoic birds

  • Lianhai Hou
  • Luis M. Chiappe
  • Fucheng Zhang
  • Cheng-Ming Chuong
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-003-0489-1

Cite this article as:
Hou, L., Chiappe, L.M., Zhang, F. et al. Naturwissenschaften (2004) 91: 22. doi:10.1007/s00114-003-0489-1

Abstract

We report on a new Mesozoic bird, Longirostravis hani, from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of northeastern China. The new taxon has a long, slender rostrum and mandible, and a small number of rostralmost teeth. Postcranial characters such as a furcular ramus wider ventrally than dorsally, a centrally concave proximal margin of the humeral head, and a minor metacarpal that projects distally more than the major metacarpal, support the placement of Longirostravis within euenantiornithine Enantiornithes, the most diverse clade of Mesozoic birds. The morphology of the skull, however, suggests that Longirostravis had a probing feeding behavior, a specialization previously unknown for Enantiornithes. Indeed, this discovery provides the first evidence in support of the existence of such a foraging behavior among basal lineages of Mesozoic birds.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lianhai Hou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luis M. Chiappe
    • 3
  • Fucheng Zhang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Ming Chuong
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of BiologyCapital Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Vertebrate PaleontologyNatural History Museum of Los Angeles CountyLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA