The A20 gene protects kidneys from ischaemia/reperfusion injury by suppressing pro-inflammatory activation
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- Lutz, J., Luong, L.A., Strobl, M. et al. J Mol Med (2008) 86: 1329. doi:10.1007/s00109-008-0405-4
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Ischaemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) can induce inflammation and injury and is a risk factor for delayed graft function and rejection of transplanted kidneys. Inflammation is regulated by NF-κB transcription factors which induce pro-inflammatory molecules in endothelial cells (EC). We examined whether A20, a negative regulator of NF-κB, can protect kidneys from I/R injury. To mimic the fluctuations in endothelial oxygenation that occur during I/R we exposed cultured human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC) to hypoxia (1% O2 for 4 h) followed by re-oxygenation (21% O2 for 1 h–24 h). We observed transient expression of pro-inflammatory molecules (E-selectin, VCAM-1 and IL-8) and sustained expression of A20 in HUVEC exposed to hypoxia/re-oxygenation. The effect of A20 on endothelial responses to hypoxia/re-oxygenation was assessed. We observed that pre-treatment of HUVEC with an adenovirus containing A20 (Ad-A20) suppressed activation of NF-κB and induction of pro-inflammatory molecules by hypoxia/re-oxygenation, whereas a control adenovirus had little or no effect. Thus the induction of A20 may form a negative feedback loop in pro-inflammatory signalling in cells exposed to hypoxia/re-oxygenation. To validate our cell culture experiments we examined the role of A20 in renal responses to I/R. We observed that A20 was induced in rat kidneys exposed to I/R. Moreover, pre-treatment of animals with Ad-A20 significantly reduced acute tubular necrosis, renal expression of VCAM-1 and NF-κB activation in response to I/R, whereas pre-treatment with control adenovirus did not. Our observations suggest that A20 maintains physiological homeostasis in kidneys exposed to I/R by protecting them from inflammation and injury.