Percutaneous cement augmentation techniques for osteoporotic spinal fractures
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- Benneker, L.M. & Hoppe, S. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg (2013) 39: 445. doi:10.1007/s00068-013-0265-7
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Minimally invasive vertebral augmentation-based techniques have been used for the treatment of spinal fractures (osteoporotic and malignant) for approximately 25 years. In this review, we try to give an overview of the current spectrum of percutaneous augmentation techniques, safety aspects and indications. Crucial factors for success are careful patient selection, proper technique and choice of the ideal cement augmentation option. Most compression fractures present a favourable natural course, with reduction of pain and regainment of mobility after a few days to several weeks, whereas other patients experience a progressive collapse and persisting pain. In this situation, percutaneous cement augmentation is an effective treatment option with regards to pain and disability reduction, improvement of quality of life and ambulatory and pulmonary function.