Cardiac and Pulmonary Injury

Focus on Solid Organ Injury

DOI: 10.1007/s00068-008-8099-4

Cite this article as:
Velmahos, G.C. & Butt, M.U. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg (2008) 34: 327. doi:10.1007/s00068-008-8099-4

Abstract

Cardiac and pulmonary injuries present major challenges in diagnosis and treatment. Distinct differences between penetrating and blunt trauma of these organs exist. Outcomes for severe injuries are still grave. Organized trauma systems can provide optimal care by minimizing prehospital time, allowing easy access to imaging modalities, and offering state-of-the-art treatment strategies. A multidisciplinary approach, including surgeons, intensivists, and others, is absolutely necessary.

Key Words

Cardiac trauma Pulmonary trauma Blunt trauma Penetrating trauma Gunshot wound 

Abbreviations:

PCI:

Penetrating cardiac injury

GSW:

Gunshot wound

CXR:

Chest X-ray

EKG:

Electrocardiogram

FAST:

Focused assessment with sonography for trauma

ER:

Emergency room

OR:

Operation room

CPR:

Cardio pulmonary resuscitation

BCI:

Blunt cardiac injury

MVA:

Motor vehicle accident

ICU:

Intensive care unit

PLI:

Penetrating lung injury

NPV:

Negative predictive value

CT:

Computed tomography

VATS:

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

ARDS:

Adult respiratory distress syndrome

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Harvard Medical SchoolMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Harvard Medical SchoolMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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