, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 3497-3509

CP-MLR/PLS-directed QSAR studies on the antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity of substituted 4-aminoquinolines

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Abstract

A QSAR study has been carried out on antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity of substituted 4-aminoquinolines using topological and structure descriptors from DRAGON software. The descriptors, relevant to each activity, were identified by Combinatorial Protocol in Multiple Linear Regression (CP-MLR) approach. The different descriptors were identified for the antimalarial activities and cytotoxicity. The antimalarial activities are correlated with Topological, 2D autocorrelation, and functional class descriptors. The cytotoxicity shows correlation with atom centered functional descriptors. The identified descriptors have been used for the development of QSAR models. The models suggested that analogs containing aromatic primary amines, aliphatic secondary amines, and devoid of aliphatic secondary amides would show better antimalarial activity. The presence of aromatic ethers, CH2R2, and CH3X molecular fragments contribute for cytotoxicity. The study gives a direction for the future exploration of the chemical space for 4-aminoquinolines to modulate antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity.

This manuscript is dedicated to my mentor Dr. Y. S. Prabhakar, Scientist, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, UP, India.