Short communication

Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 203-204

A scientific note on the revised estimates of effective paternity frequency in Apis

  • D. R. TarpyAffiliated withDepartment of Entomology, North Carolina State University
  • , R. NielsenAffiliated withDepartment of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University
  • , D. I. NielsenAffiliated withDepartment of Entomology, University of California Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


We review the literature for studies that investigated paternity within honey bee colonies, and we report the average paternity numbers and effective paternity frequencies of eight species of Apis. Moreover, we employ a recently developed estimator of effective paternity, and we demonstrate that it has little effect on the average paternity estimates but that it can have a profound effect on the variance of individual estimates.

Paternity genetic analysis mating number honey bees Apis