A scientific note on the revised estimates of effective paternity frequency in Apis
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- Tarpy, D.R., Nielsen, R. & Nielsen, D.I. Insect. Soc. (2004) 51: 203. doi:10.1007/s00040-004-0734-4
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We review the literature for studies that investigated paternity within honey bee colonies, and we report the average paternity numbers and effective paternity frequencies of eight species of Apis. Moreover, we employ a recently developed estimator of effective paternity, and we demonstrate that it has little effect on the average paternity estimates but that it can have a profound effect on the variance of individual estimates.