, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 70-125

JSJ-Decompositions of finitely presented groups and complexes of groups

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Abstract.

A JSJ-splitting of a group G over a certain class of subgroups is a graph of groups decomposition of G which describes all possible decompositions of G as an amalgamated product or an HNN extension over subgroups lying in the given class. Such decompositions originated in 3-manifold topology. In this paper we generalize the JSJ-splitting constructions of Sela, Rips–Sela and Dunwoody–Sageev, and we construct a JSJ-splitting for any finitely presented group with respect to the class of all slender subgroups along which the group splits. Our approach relies on Haefliger’s theory of group actions on CAT(0) spaces.

Submitted: October 2003 Revision: February 2005 Accepted: June 2005