Compliance with the smoking ban in Italy 8 years after its application
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- Minardi, V., Gorini, G., Carreras, G. et al. Int J Public Health (2014) 59: 549. doi:10.1007/s00038-014-0543-0
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The aim of this paper is to report compliance with the smoking ban and the spread of smoke-free homes after 3–8 years since the Italian smoking ban implementation, according to the ongoing Italian surveillance system for behavioural risk factors (PASSI).
PASSI is based on representative annual samples of the Italian population aged 18–69 years. We considered questions on smoking habits, self-reported compliance with the ban, and on smoke-free homes of 176,236 interviews conducted in 2008–2012.
Ninety percent of respondents in 2012 reported that the smoking ban was enforced in hospitality premises (HPs), with a significant 3 % increase from 2008. Similarly, 91.3 % in 2012 reported a high compliance in workplaces other than HPs, with a significant 5 % increase. Perception of compliance did not change among smokers and non-smokers. Seventy-eight percent of respondents in 2012 reported smoke-free homes, with a significant increase from 2008 to 2012.
The high compliance with the ban that is still increasing even after 8 years since its implementation may partially have caused the concurrent increase in smoke-free homes.