International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 231–241

Gender-specific changes in physical activity pattern in Iran: national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (2007–2011)

Authors

  • Jalil Koohpayehzadeh
    • Center for Disease Control
  • Koorosh Etemad
    • Center for Disease Control
  • Mehrshad Abbasi
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Alipasha Meysamie
    • Department of Preventive Medicine, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Sara Sheikhbahaei
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Fereshteh Asgari
    • Center for Disease Control
  • Sina Noshad
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Nima Hafezi-Nejad
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Ali Rafei
    • Center for Disease Control
  • Mostafa Mousavizadeh
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Elias Khajeh
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Maryam Ebadi
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Manouchehr Nakhjavani
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical Sciences
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-013-0529-3

Cite this article as:
Koohpayehzadeh, J., Etemad, K., Abbasi, M. et al. Int J Public Health (2014) 59: 231. doi:10.1007/s00038-013-0529-3

Abstract

Objectives

This study describes the gender-specific pattern of physical activity (PA) in Iran 2011. The 4-year changes in PA levels (domains) are also determined according to the Iran’s national surveys conducted on 2007 and 2011.

Methods

Physical activity assessed based on the global physical activity questionnaire. In all, 4,121 (2007), and 7,436 (2011) adults were analyzed.

Results

Based on 2011 survey, 56.4 %, 39.2 %, and 74.4 % of participants were physically inactive at work, commuting and recreation, respectively. In all domains of PA, males showed a higher degree of activity (min/day) than females (P value <0.001). The overall prevalence of physical inactivity was increased from 15 % (2007) to 21.5 % (2011) (P value <0.001). Over the 4 years, a significant decline in total physical activity (MET × min/week) and the duration of commuting activity were noted in both genders. Work-related activity was dramatically decreased in females. However, the time spent in recreational activity remained relatively constant.

Conclusions

This report indicating that the Iranian population, particularly females, have become less active during the survey period. Physical inactivity should receive more attention as a public health issue.

Keywords

Physical activityAdultIranEpidemiologyGPAQHealth surveys

Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2013