Brief Report

International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 627-631

First online:

Impact of economic crisis on mental health of migrant workers: what happened with migrants who came to Spain to work?

  • Andrés A. Agudelo-SuárezAffiliated withCentre for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona (PRBB)Preventive Medicine and Public Health Area, University of AlicanteFaculty of Dentistry, University of Antioquia Email author 
  • , Elena RondaAffiliated withCentre for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona (PRBB)Preventive Medicine and Public Health Area, University of AlicanteCIBER Epidemiology and Public Health
  • , María Luisa Vázquez-NavarreteAffiliated withCIBER Epidemiology and Public HealthHealth Policy and Health Services Research Group (GRPSS), Health Policy Research Unit, Consortium for Healthcare and social services of Catalonia
  • , Ana M. GarcíaAffiliated withCentre for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona (PRBB)CIBER Epidemiology and Public HealthDepartment of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Valencia
  • , José Miguel MartínezAffiliated withCentre for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona (PRBB)CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health
  • , Fernando G. BenavidesAffiliated withCentre for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona (PRBB)CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health

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Abstract

Objectives

To assess changes in mental health in a sample of migrant workers after the eruption of the economic crisis in Spain.

Methods

318 migrant workers were interviewed. Mental health, sociodemographic, and economic crisis related variables were obtained through face-to-face (2008) and phone (2011) interviews. Prevalence of poor mental health (PMH) was compared (2011–2008) and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted.

Results

Change in prevalence of PMH was higher in men (aOR 4.63; 95 % CI 2.11–10.16). Subgroups of men showing the largest detrimental mental health effects were: unemployed, with low salaries (≤1,200 euros) and those reporting family burden. An increase of PMH was found in women, without significant associations.

Conclusions

Mental health of migrant workers in Spain has worsened during the economic crisis.

Keywords

Working conditions Economic crisis Migrants Mental health Spain