International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 417–425

Is the cardiovascular risk profile of people living in Roma settlements worse in comparison with the majority population in Slovakia?

  • Ingrid Babinska
  • Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska
  • Daniela Bobakova
  • Daniel Pella
  • Salvatore Panico
  • Sijmen A. Reijneveld
  • Peter Jarcuska
  • Pavol Jarcuska
  • Ivan Zezula
  • Andrea Madarasova Geckova
  • The HEPA-META team
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-013-0463-4

Cite this article as:
Babinska, I., Veselska, Z.D., Bobakova, D. et al. Int J Public Health (2013) 58: 417. doi:10.1007/s00038-013-0463-4

Abstract

Objectives

Roma constitute a large minority in several Central European countries, with a mostly disadvantaged societal and health position. The aim of this study was to assess biological and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in people living in Roma settlements and to compare them with non-Roma.

Methods

We used data from the cross-sectional Hepa-Meta study conducted in Slovakia. The sample consisted of 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7, 35.2 % men) and 403 non-Roma (mean age = 33.5, 45.9 % men). The effect of ethnicity was analysed using logistic regression adjusted for age and stratified by gender.

Results

Roma were more likely to have obesity, low HDL cholesterol, normal total cholesterol, and to smoke than non-Roma. Moreover, Roma women were more likely to have abdominal obesity and Roma men to have normal LDL cholesterol than non-Roma. No significant differences by ethnicity were found regarding hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperglycaemia and hypertension.

Conclusions

Our study confirmed higher rates of some CVD risk factors in Roma compared with non-Roma. Our findings call for interventions aiming at decreasing CVD risks and improving health literacy among Roma, to reduce CVD morbidity and premature mortality.

Keywords

RomaEthnicityCardiovascular diseasesBiological risk factorsParticipatory approach

Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Babinska
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniela Bobakova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Pella
    • 3
  • Salvatore Panico
    • 4
  • Sijmen A. Reijneveld
    • 5
  • Peter Jarcuska
    • 6
  • Pavol Jarcuska
    • 7
  • Ivan Zezula
    • 8
  • Andrea Madarasova Geckova
    • 1
    • 2
  • The HEPA-META team
  1. 1.Kosice Institute for Society and Health, Safarik UniversityKosiceSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Department of Health PsychologyInstitute of Public Health, Medical Faculty, Safarik UniversityKosiceSlovak Republic
  3. 3.3rd Department of Internal MedicineMedical Faculty, Safarik University and Luis Pasteur University HospitalKosiceSlovak Republic
  4. 4.Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFederico II UniversityNaplesItaly
  5. 5.Department of Social MedicineUniversity Medical Center Groningen, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  6. 6.1st Department of Internal MedicineMedical Faculty, Safarik University and Luis Pasteur University HospitalKosiceSlovak Republic
  7. 7.Department of Infectology and Travel MedicineMedical Faculty, Safarik UniversityKosiceSlovak Republic
  8. 8.Institute of MathematicsFaculty of Natural Science, Safarik UniversityKosiceSlovak Republic