, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 237-246

The association between overweight and opportunity structures in the built environment: a multi-level analysis among elementary school youth in the PLAY-ON study

Purchase on Springer.com

$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Objective

To examine school-level opportunity structures of the built environment and student characteristics associated with being overweight.

Methods

Multi-level logistic regression analysis were used to examine the school- and student-level characteristics associated with the odds of a student being overweight among grade 5–8 students attending 30 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada, as part of the Play-Ontario (PLAY-ON) study.

Results

Significant between school random variation in overweight was identified [σ μ0 2  = 0.187 (0.084), P < 0.001]; school-level differences accounted for 5.4% of the variability in the odds of a student being overweight. The more fast-food retailers there were surrounding a school, the more likely a student was to be overweight; students in grade 5 were at increased risk relative to students in grades 6–8. The more grocery stores there were surrounding a school, the more likely a student was to be overweight; students in grade 5 were at increased risk relative to students in grades 6–8.

Conclusions

Developing a better understanding of the school- and student-level characteristics associated with overweight among youth is critical for informing intervention programs and policies.