A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries
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(1) To compare the prevalence of bullying and victimization among boys and girls and by age in 40 countries. (2) In 6 countries, to compare rates of direct physical, direct verbal, and indirect bullying by gender, age, and country.
Cross-sectional self-report surveys including items on bullying and being bullied were obtained from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year old school children in 40 countries, N = 202,056. Six countries (N = 29,127 students) included questions about specific types of bullying (e. g., direct physical, direct verbal, indirect).
Exposure to bullying varied across countries, with estimates ranging from 8.6% to 45.2% among boys, and from 4.8% to 35.8% among girls. Adolescents in Baltic countries reported higher rates of bullying and victimization, whereas northern European countries reported the lowest prevalence. Boys reported higher rates of bullying in all countries. Rates of victimization were higher for girls in 29 of 40 countries. Rates of victimization decreased by age in 30 of 40 (boys) and 25 of 39 (girls) countries.
There are lessons to be learned from the current research conducted in countries where the prevalence is low that could be adapted for use in countries with higher prevalence.
- A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries
International Journal of Public Health
Volume 54, Issue 2 Supplement, pp 216-224
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
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- Prevalence rates
- Country comparison
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, Queen’s University, 62 Arch Street, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada
- 2. Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
- 3. University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
- 4. Prevention Research Branch, Eunice K Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, United States
- 5. National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
- 6. Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Lisbon, Portugal
- 7. National Center for Child Death Review, Washington, DC, United States
- 8. National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark