International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Supplement 2, pp 167–179

Overweight in school-aged children and its relationship with demographic and lifestyle factors: results from the WHO-Collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study

  • Ellen Haug
  • Mette Rasmussen
  • Oddrun Samdal
  • Ron Iannotti
  • Colette Kelly
  • Alberto Borraccino
  • Carine Vereecken
  • Ole Melkevik
  • Giacomo Lazzeri
  • Mariano Giacchi
  • Oya Ercan
  • Pernille Due
  • Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
  • Candace Currie
  • Antony Morgan
  • Namanjeet Ahluwalia
  • the HBSC Obesity Writing Group
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-009-5408-6

Cite this article as:
Haug, E., Rasmussen, M., Samdal, O. et al. Int J Public Health (2009) 54: 167. doi:10.1007/s00038-009-5408-6

Abstract

Objectives:

To examine overweight prevalence and its association with demographic and lifestyle factors in 11–15 year olds in the HBSC 2005–2006 survey.

Methods:

Self-reports of height, weight, eating patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviours were obtained from nationally representative samples in 41 countries (n=204,534).

Results:

Overweight prevalence was highest in USA (28.8 %) and lowest in Latvia (7.6 %). In most countries, overweight was more prevalent in boys than girls. Overweight was consistently negatively associated with breakfast consumption and moderate to vigorous physical activity; OR range: 0.48–0.79 and 0.50–0.78, respectively.

Conclusion:

Overweight prevalence in youth remained high across the countries examined. The primary factors linked to overweight were breakfast consumption and physical activity. These data should contribute to formulating preventive programs and policies.

Keywords:

School childrenOverweight prevalenceEating patternsPhysical activitySedentary behaviours

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ellen Haug
    • 1
  • Mette Rasmussen
    • 2
  • Oddrun Samdal
    • 1
  • Ron Iannotti
    • 3
  • Colette Kelly
    • 4
  • Alberto Borraccino
    • 5
  • Carine Vereecken
    • 6
  • Ole Melkevik
    • 1
  • Giacomo Lazzeri
    • 7
  • Mariano Giacchi
    • 7
  • Oya Ercan
    • 8
  • Pernille Due
    • 9
  • Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
    • 10
  • Candace Currie
    • 11
  • Antony Morgan
    • 12
  • Namanjeet Ahluwalia
    • 13
  • the HBSC Obesity Writing Group
  1. 1.Research Centre for Health Promotion, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention ResearchEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentBethesdaU.S.A
  4. 4.Health Promotion Research Centre, Department of Health PromotionNational University of IrelandGalwayIreland
  5. 5.Department of Public HealthUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  6. 6.FWO-Flanders, Department of Public HealthGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  7. 7.Public Health, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  8. 8.Department of Pediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical FacultyIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  9. 9.National Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark
  10. 10.Center for Obstetrics and Pediatrics, Department of Psychosomatics in Children and AdolescentsUniversity Medical Center Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany
  11. 11.Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU), The Moray House School of EducationUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghScotland
  12. 12.Department of Public Health SciencesKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  13. 13.INSERM U558, Epidemiology & Public Health Analyses, Faculté de MédicinePaul Sabatier UniversityToulouse CedexFrance