Review

International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 59-69

First online:

Landscape and well-being: a scoping study on the health-promoting impact of outdoor environments

  • Andrea AbrahamAffiliated withDivision of Social and Behavioural Health Research, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern
  • , Kathrin SommerhalderAffiliated withDivision of Social and Behavioural Health Research, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern
  • , Thomas AbelAffiliated withDivision of Social and Behavioural Health Research, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Objectives

The present literature review conceptualises landscape as a health resource that promotes physical, mental, and social well-being. Different health-promoting landscape characteristics are discussed.

Methods

This article is based on a scoping study which represents a special kind of qualitative literature review. Over 120 studies have been reviewed in a five-step-procedure, resulting in a heuristic device.

Results

A set of meaningful pathways that link landscape and health have been identified. Landscapes have the potential to promote mental well-being through attention restoration, stress reduction, and the evocation of positive emotions; physical well-being through the promotion of physical activity in daily life as well as leisure time and through walkable environments; and social well-being through social integration, social engagement and participation, and through social support and security.

Conclusion

This scoping study allows us to systematically describe the potential of landscape as a resource for physical, mental and social well-being. A heuristic framework is presented that can be applied in future studies, facilitating systematic and focused research approaches and informing practical public health interventions.

Keywords

Landscape Well-being Health-promoting behaviour Resources Scoping study