International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Supplement 1, pp 61–67

Psychological distress and mental health treatment among persons with and without active duty military experience, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2007

Authors

    • CAPT, U.S. Public Health ServiceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Tara W. Strine
    • CAPT, U.S. Public Health ServiceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Satvinder S. Dhingra
    • CAPT, U.S. Public Health ServiceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Joyce T. Berry
    • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  • Ron Manderscheid
    • Mental Health and Substance Use Programs, Constella Group, LLC
  • Ali H. Mokdad
    • CAPT, U.S. Public Health ServiceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-009-0008-z

Cite this article as:
Safran, M.A., Strine, T.W., Dhingra, S.S. et al. Int J Public Health (2009) 54: 61. doi:10.1007/s00038-009-0008-z

Abstract

Objectives:

To examine self-reported psychological distress (K-6 scale) and mental health treatment among persons with and without active duty U.S. military experience (ADME) currently residing in private residences in the U.S.

Methods:

Analysis of 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 35 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico (n = 202,029 for those answering all K-6 questions, the treatment question, and the ADME question)

Results:

Adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education, overall mean K-6 scores of those with and without ADME were similar (p = 0.3223); however, more of those with, vs. without, ADME reported current mental health treatment (11.7 % vs. 9.6 %, p = 0.0001). Those with ADME receiving such treatment had a higher mean K-6 score (7.7) than those without ADME receiving such treatment (6.9) (p = 0.0032).

Conclusions:

Community-dwelling persons with ADME have similar demographically-adjusted mean K-6 psychological distress scores, but greater likelihood of recent mental health treatment, compared to those without ADME.

Keywords:

Mental health Veterans Military personnel Psychological stress Depression Anxiety

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009