Design and Evaluation of CNFET-Based Quaternary Circuits
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- Moaiyeri, M.H., Navi, K. & Hashemipour, O. Circuits Syst Signal Process (2012) 31: 1631. doi:10.1007/s00034-012-9413-2
This paper presents novel high-performance and PVT tolerant quaternary logic circuits as well as efficient quaternary arithmetic circuits for nanoelectronics. These Carbon Nanotube FET (CNFET)-based circuits are compatible with the recent technologies and are designed based on the conventional CMOS architecture, while the previous quaternary designs used methods which are not suitable for nanoelectronics and have become obsolete. The proposed designs are robust and have large noise margins and high driving capability. The singular characteristics of CNFETs, such as the capability of having the desired threshold voltage by regulating the diameters of the nanotubes, make them very appropriate for voltage-mode multiple-threshold circuits design. The proposed circuits are examined, using Synopsys HSPICE with the standard 32 nm-CNFET technology in various situations and different supply voltages. Simulation results demonstrate the correct and high-performance operation of the proposed circuits even in the presence of process, voltage and temperature variations.