, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 994-1014

Decay rates of solutions to dissipative nonlinear evolution equations with ellipticity

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract.

In this paper, we study the global existence and the asymptotic behavior of the solutions to the Cauchy problem for the following nonlinear evolution equations with ellipticity and dissipative effects (E) $$ \left\{ \begin{aligned} & \psi _t = - (1 - \alpha )\psi - \theta _x + \alpha \psi _{xx} , \\ & \theta _t = - (1 - \alpha )\theta + \nu \psi _x + 2\psi \theta _x + \alpha \theta _{xx} , \\ \end{aligned} \right. $$ with initial data (I) $$ (\psi ,\theta )(x,0) = (\psi _0 (x),\theta _0 (x)) \to (\psi _ \pm ,\theta _ \pm )\quad {\text{as}}\quad x \to \pm \infty , $$ where α and ν are positive constants such that α < 1,ν < α (1−α). Through constructing a correct function \(\hat \theta (x,t)\) defined by (2.13) and using the energy method, we show \(\mathop {\sup }\limits_{x \in \mathbb{R}} (\left| {(\psi ,\theta )(x,t)\left| + \right.\left| {(\psi _x } \right.,\theta _x )(x,t)\left| {) \to 0} \right.} \right.\) as \(t \to \infty \) and the solutions decay with exponential rates. The same problem is studied by Tang and Zhao [10] for the case of (ψ±, θ±)  =  (0,0).

Received: November 18, 2003