Milan Journal of Mathematics

, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 121–151

Non-Archimedean Probability

Authors

    • Dipartimento di Matematica ApplicataUniversitá degli Studi di Pisa
    • Department of Mathematics, College of ScienceKing Saud University
  • Leon Horsten
    • Department of PhilosophyUniversity of Bristol
  • Sylvia Wenmackers
    • Faculty of PhilosophyUniversity of Groningen
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00032-012-0191-x

Cite this article as:
Benci, V., Horsten, L. & Wenmackers, S. Milan J. Math. (2013) 81: 121. doi:10.1007/s00032-012-0191-x

Abstract

We propose an alternative approach to probability theory closely related to the framework of numerosity theory: non-Archimedean probability (NAP). In our approach, unlike in classical probability theory, all subsets of an infinite sample space are measurable and only the empty set gets assigned probability zero (in other words: the probability functions are regular). We use a non-Archimedean field as the range of the probability function. As a result, the property of countable additivity in Kolmogorov’s axiomatization of probability is replaced by a different type of infinite additivity.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

60A05 03H05

Keywords

Probability axioms of Kolmogorov nonstandard models fair lottery non-Archimedean fields

Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2012