, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 425-497

The Ω Deformed B-model for Rigid N = 2 Theories

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Abstract

We give an interpretation of the Ω deformed B-model that leads naturally to the generalized holomorphic anomaly equations. Direct integration of the latter calculates topological amplitudes of four-dimensional rigid N = 2 theories explicitly in general Ω-backgrounds in terms of modular forms. These amplitudes encode the refined BPS spectrum as well as new gravitational couplings in the effective action of N = 2 supersymmetric theories. The rigid N = 2 field theories we focus on are the conformal rank one N = 2 Seiberg–Witten theories. The failure of holomorphicity is milder in the conformal cases, but fixing the holomorphic ambiguity is only possible upon mass deformation. Our formalism applies irrespectively of whether a Lagrangian formulation exists. In the class of rigid N = 2 theories arising from compactifications on local Calabi–Yau manifolds, we consider the theory of local \({\mathbb{P}^2}\) . We calculate motivic Donaldson–Thomas invariants for this geometry and make predictions for generalized Gromov–Witten invariants at the orbifold point.

Communicated by Marcos Marino.