, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 516-521

Three-dimensional structure of annexins

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Annexins constitute a family of structurally related calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins whose molecular structure has been investigated in detail in the crystalline and membrane-bound form. Their polypeptide chain is folded into four or eight α-helical domains of similar structure with a central hydrophilic pore. Bound to phospholipid membranes, the four-domain arrangement of the annexin molecule is conserved. A peripheral binding mode has been well documented by electron microscopy and a variety of other techniques.