, Volume 67, Issue 10, pp 1713-1722
Date: 10 Feb 2010

Role of Chk1 in the differentiation program of hematopoietic stem cells

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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) isolated from umbilical cord blood (UCB) were treated with ionizing radiation (IR) and sensitivity and IR induced checkpoints activation were investigated. No difference in the sensitivity and in the activation of DNA damage pathways was observed between CD133+ HSC and cells derived from them after ex vivo expansion. Chk1 protein was very low in freshly isolated CD133+ cells, and undetectable in ex vivo expanded UCB CD133+ cells. Chk1 was expressed only on day 3 of the ex vivo expansion. This pattern of Chk1 expression was corroborated in CD133+ cells isolated from peripheral blood apheresis collected from an healthy donor. Treatment with a specific Chk1 inhibitor resulted in a strong reduction in the percentage of myeloid precursors (CD33+) and an increase in the percentage of lymphoid precursors (CD38+) compared to untreated cells, suggesting a possible role for Chk1 in the differentiation program of UCB CD133+ HSC.