, Volume 63, Issue 16, pp 1823-1832
Date: 15 May 2006

The cellular functions of clathrin

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Abstract.

Membranes and proteins are moved around the cell in small vesicles. A protein coat aids the budding of such vesicles from donor membranes. The major type of coat used by the cell is composed of clathrin, a three-legged protein that can form lattice-like coats on membranes destined for trafficking. In this review, I outline what we know about clathrin and discuss some recent advances in understanding the basic biology of this fascinating molecule, which include building a molecular model of a clathrin lattice and discovery of a new function for clathrin that occurs during mitosis.

Received 12 December 2005; received after revision 21 March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006