Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 410–416

Roles of Bacillus endospores in the environment

  • W. L. Nicholson

DOI: 10.1007/s00018-002-8433-7

Cite this article as:
Nicholson, W. CMLS, Cell. Mol. Life Sci. (2002) 59: 410. doi:10.1007/s00018-002-8433-7


The occurrence and diverse roles of Bacillus spp. and their endospores in the environment is reviewed, with particular emphasis on soil ecology, host-symbiont and host-parasite interactions, and human exploitation of spores as biological control agents and probiotics.

Key words.Bacillus spp.; ecology; endospore; environment; pathogenesis; symbiosis.

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Nicholson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (USA), Fax +1 520 621 6366, e-mail: WLN@u.arizona.eduUS