Physics in Perspective

, 11:405

Fritz Lange, Klaus Fuchs, and the Remigration of Scientists to East Germany


DOI: 10.1007/s00016-009-0427-5

Cite this article as:
Hoffmann, D. Phys. Perspect. (2009) 11: 405. doi:10.1007/s00016-009-0427-5

I describe the social and political framework in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in which the remigration of scientists and other scholars to East Germany occurred after the Second World War, between 1946 and 1959. Since these included only a small number of scientists, I illustrate the problems they encountered and the opportunities they were provided during their reintegration into GDR society by discussing in some detail the cases of two physicists, Fritz Lange (1899–1987) and Klaus Fuchs (1911–1988), both of whom remigrated to East Germany in 1959 but from very different countries, the Soviet Union and Great Britain, and under dramatically different circumstances.


Fritz LangeKlaus FuchsEmil FuchsJürgen PetersHeinz BarwichYuli Borisovich KharitonEast GermanyGerman Democratic RepublicGDR Communist PartyGDR Academy of SciencesStasiSoviet UnionUkrainian Physical-Technical InstituteBerlin-Buch Institute for BiophysicsGDR Research Center for Nuclear ResearchTechnical University in DresdenBrasch-Lange experimentsSoviet atomicbomb programatomic spiesremigration of scientistsnuclear physicsbreeder pile

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for the History of ScienceBerlinGermany