Physics in Perspective

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 212–223

In Memoriam

Lord Kelvin, Recipient of The John Fritz Medal in 1905
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00016-007-0344-4

Cite this article as:
Trainer, M. Phys. perspect. (2008) 10: 212. doi:10.1007/s00016-007-0344-4

In 1905 Lord Kelvin (1824–1907) was awarded the second John Fritz Medal for a lifetime of outstanding achievements in science and technology. I sketch Kelvin’s life, education, and work in thermodynamics, electrical technology, and instrumentation, and his role in the laying of the Atlantic cable. I then turn to Kelvin’s four visits to America, in 1876 on the centenary of the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America; in 1884 when he gave his famous Baltimore Lectures at The Johns Hopkins University; in 1897 when he visited Niagara Falls for the third time and advised George Westinghouse (1846–1914) on how to develop its enormous water power for the generation of electricity; and in 1902 when he advised George Eastman (1854–1932) on the development of the photographic industry.

Keywords:

William ThomsonLord KelvinJohn FritzJohn Fritz MedalGeorge WestinghouseGeorge EastmanUniversity of GlasgowUniversity of CambridgeJohns Hopkins UniversityGeneral Electric CompanyEastman Kodak CompanyNiagara FallsAtlantic cablethermodynamicstelegraphyscientific instruments

Copyright information

© Birkhaueser 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kelvin Building, Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK