, Volume 63, Issue 7, pp 519-525,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 13 Mar 2014

Role of Interleukin-22 in liver diseases

Abstract

Introduction

Interleukin (IL)-22, originally referred to as IL-TIF for IL-10-related T cell-derived inducible factor, is a member of the IL-10-like cytokine family. IL-22 is highly expressed by Th17 cells and is tightly linked to chronic inflammation, including inflammatory bowel disease and local intestinal inflammation among others.

Materials and methods

A PubMed and Web of Science databases search was performed for studies providing evidences on the role of IL-22 in liver diseases.

Conclusion

IL-22 plays an important role in ameliorating liver injury in many rodent models by targeting hepatocytes that express high levels of IL-22 receptor 1 and IL-10 receptor 2. This review concisely summarizes the role of IL-22 in the development progression of liver disease of different etiologies. It is focused mainly on the IL-22 intracellular signaling and its influence on liver diseases.

Responsible Editor: Mauro Teixeira.