Amino acids exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in human monocytic leukemia cell line, THP-1 cells
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- Hasegawa, S., Ichiyama, T., Sonaka, I. et al. Inflamm. Res. (2011) 60: 1013. doi:10.1007/s00011-011-0362-1
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The elemental diet is one of the effective therapies for inflammatory bowel disease. However, the mechanism remains unclear, and there have never been reports about the inhibitory effects of amino acids in human monocytes/macrophages. We investigated the inhibitory effects of amino acids on cytokine production or expression of adhesion molecules that are involved in inflammatory diseases, in human monocytes/macrophages.
We examined the inhibitory effects of cysteine, histidine or glycine on the induction of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation, expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54) and production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in THP-1 cells, a human monocytic leukemia cell line, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α).
Cysteine, histidine and glycine significantly reduced the activation of NF-κB in THP-1 cells stimulated with TNF-α. In addition, cysteine and histidine significantly inhibited the expression of ICAM-1 and production of IL-8 in THP-1 cells and PBMCs.
Our results suggest that cysteine and histidine exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in THP-1 cells, and may be responsible for the efficacy of treatment in inflammatory bowel diseases.