, Volume 57, Issue 7, pp 314-321
Date: 09 Jul 2008

Modulation of LPS-induced pulmonary neutrophil infiltration and cytokine production by the selective PPARβ/δ ligand GW0742

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Abstract.

Objective:

To define the anti-inflammatory effects of PPARβ/δ activation by use of the selective PPARβ/δ ligand (GW0742) in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary inflammation.

Methods:

Male BALB/c mice were pretreated for three days with the PPARβ/δ agonist, GW0742, prior to induction of LPS-mediated pulmonary inflammation. Bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was analyzed for inflammatory cell influx and for levels of pro-inflammatory mediators. BALF-derived inflammatory cells were also collected for mRNA analysis.

Results:

Pretreatment with GW0742 resulted in a significant decrease in leukocyte recruitment into the pulmonary space. Protein and mRNA levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β and TNFα in BALF were found to be significantly decreased in GW0742-treated animals (30 mg/kg). A significant decrease in granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a major regulator of neutrophil chemotaxis (via its downstream actions on TNFα and other cytokines/chemokines), activation and survival, was also noted in the BALF levels of GW0742-treated animals.

Conclusions:

The present study demonstrates that activation of PPARβ/δ attenuates the degree of inflammation in a model of LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation and may therefore represent a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of inflammation-mediated pathologies.

Received 15 August 2007; returned for revision 17 September 2007; received from final revision 7 February 2008; accepted by J. Di Battista 15 February 2008