Inflammation Research

, Volume 56, Issue 12, pp 495–501

The effects of inflammatory cytokines on steroidogenic acute regulatory protein expression in macrophages

  • Y. Ma
  • S. Ren
  • W. M. Pandak
  • X. Li
  • Y. Ning
  • C. Lu
  • F. Zhao
  • L. Yin
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00011-007-6133-3

Cite this article as:
Ma, Y., Ren, S., Pandak, W.M. et al. Inflamm. res. (2007) 56: 495. doi:10.1007/s00011-007-6133-3

Abstract.

Objective:

To investigate the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) in macrophages and the effects of inflammatory cytokines on StAR expression.

Methods:

The macrophages isolated from ApoE knockout mice and C57BL/6J mice and RAW264.7 cells (a cell line from mouse macrophage. ATCC Number: TIB-71TM) were cultured in DMEM containing 10% fetal bovine serum. RAW264.7 cells were treated with different inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ and TGF-β1) and 8-Br-cAMP, a cAMP analog. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were applied to evaluate the effects of inflammatory cytokines on StAR expression.

Results:

RT-PCR and Western blot analysis demonstrated the expression of StAR in the macrophages isolated from ApoE knockout mice, C57BL/6J mice and RAW264.7 cells. Proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ significantly decreased StAR mRNA and protein levels in RAW264.7 cells. The inhibition was dose- and time-dependent. In contrast, anti-inflammatory cytokine TGF-β1 increased StAR mRNA and protein levels. At 1:15 molecular ratio, TGF-β1 blocked the down-regulation of StAR expression mediated by TNF-α. cAMP also induced StAR expression in RAW264.7 cells. When the cells were co-treated with 8-Br-cAMP and TNF-α, 8-Br-cAMP failed to induce StAR expression.

Conclusion:

Our results provide interesting evidence that inflammatory cytokines regulate StAR expression in macrophages.

Keywords:

Steroidogenic acute regulatory proteinTumor necrosis factor-alphaInterferon-gammaTransforming growth factor-beta1

Copyright information

© Birkhaueser 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Ma
    • 1
  • S. Ren
    • 2
  • W. M. Pandak
    • 2
  • X. Li
    • 1
  • Y. Ning
    • 1
  • C. Lu
    • 1
  • F. Zhao
    • 1
  • L. Yin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Shanghai Medical CollegeFudan UniversityShanghaiP.R. China
  2. 2.Department of MedicineVA Medical Center/Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA