, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 487-492

Effect of high irradiance and high temperature on chloroplast composition and structure of Dioscorea zingiberensis

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Abstract

High irradiance (HI) and high temperature (HT) increased in chloroplasts the content of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and decreased the contents of digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG), and phosphatidylinositol (PI). HI and HT accelerated the transformation of DGDG to MGDG. The contents of unsaturated fatty acids in chloroplasts increased, while those of saturated fatty acids decreased. The contents of total carotenoids, neoxanthin, violaxanthin, lutein, and β-carotene increased first, then decreased. The content of chlorophyll decreased. HI caused the unfolding of thylakoids that was not resumed after a 72-h recovery.

This revised version was published online in March 2005 with corrections to the page numbers.