European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

, Volume 249, Supplement 4, pp S14–S26

The course of schizophrenia in the light of modern follow-up studies: the ABC and WHO studies

  • H. Häfner
  • W. an der Heiden

DOI: 10.1007/PL00014180

Cite this article as:
Häfner, H. & an der Heiden, W. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (1999) 249: S14. doi:10.1007/PL00014180

Abstract

In schizophrenia most of the social consequences emerge in the prodromal phase of the illness and before treatment is initiated. Further course is determined by the level of social development at illness onset and by age- and sex-related illness behavior. Despite the sex difference in age at onset the disease process seems to be the same in both sexes, since social course in men and women converges in the long run. Although great variation in outcome between the patients is to be observed at each cross-section, the medium and long-term symptom-related course of schizophrenia shows a high degree of stability at the individual level.

Key words SchizophreniaShort-medium- andlong-term course of schizophreniaSocial developmentand schizophreniaPsychopathology of schizophrenia

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Häfner
    • 1
  • W. an der Heiden
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Institute of Mental Health, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany e-mail: hhaefner@as200.zi-mannheim.deDE