Indications for hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma — What stage of the disease is the best indication for surgery?

  • Yo Sasaki
  • Shingi Imaoka
  • Hiroshi Nakano
  • Osamu Ishikawa
  • Hiroaki Ohigashi
  • Takushi Yasuda
  • Shoji Nakamori
  • Masao Kameyama
  • Masahiro Hiratsuka
  • Toshiyuki Kabuto
  • Hiroshi Furukawa
  • Hiroshi Kasugai
  • Atsuo Inoue
  • Makoto Fujita
  • Etsuo Inoue

DOI: 10.1007/PL00009944

Cite this article as:
Sasaki, Y., Imaoka, S., Nakano, H. et al. J Hep Bil Pancr Surg (1998) 5: 14. doi:10.1007/PL00009944

Abstract:

To determine the clinical and tumor stage of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that is the best indication for surgery, the postoperative long-term outcomes of patients who underwent hepatic resection were examined retrospectively. Of 975 patients with HCC who underwent regional therapy, 384 patients (39%) received hepatic resection (HR), 534 (55%) had transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), and the remaining 57 (6%) received percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) into the tumor. The criteria defined by liver Cancer Study Group of Japan was used for staging and liver functional reserve (i.e., clinical staging).1 In the 133 patients with stage I HCC, there were no significant differences among the survivals of the HR, TACE, and PEI groups. In the 314 patients with stage II HCC, the 5- and 7-year survival rates were 51% and 46% in the HR group, 23% and 10% in the TACE group, and 0% and 0% in the PEI group. The survival of the HR group was significantly better than the survivals of the TACE and PEI groups (P < 0.001). The 5- and 10-year survivals of the stage II HCC patients who had HR were 64% and 47% in the clinical stage I (i.e., good liver function) group, significantly better than the 5; and 10-year survivals (32% and 23%) in the clinical stage II (i.e., bad liver function) group (P < 0.0001). Patients with good liver function in stage II are expected to have better survival and are considered to be the most suitable for HR.

Key words: indications for hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma hepatic resection TAE PEI 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yo Sasaki
    • 1
  • Shingi Imaoka
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Nakano
    • 1
  • Osamu Ishikawa
    • 1
  • Hiroaki Ohigashi
    • 1
  • Takushi Yasuda
    • 1
  • Shoji Nakamori
    • 1
  • Masao Kameyama
    • 1
  • Masahiro Hiratsuka
    • 1
  • Toshiyuki Kabuto
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Furukawa
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Kasugai
    • 2
  • Atsuo Inoue
    • 2
  • Makoto Fujita
    • 3
  • Etsuo Inoue
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Surgery,
  2. 2.Gastrointestinal Medicine, and
  3. 3.Radiology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, 1-3-3 Nakamichi, Higashinari-ku, Osaka 537, JapanJP

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