Discrete & Computational Geometry

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 389-402

First online:

Fitting a Set of Points by a Circle

  • J. García-LópezAffiliated withDepartamento de Matemática Aplicada, Escuela Universitaria de Informática, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28031 Madrid, Spain jglopez@eui.upm.es
  • , P. A. RamosAffiliated withDepartamento de Matemática Aplicada, Facultad de Informática, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain pramos@fi.upm.es
  • , J. SnoeyinkAffiliated withDepartment of Computer Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4 snoeyink@cs.ubc.ca

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Given a set of points S={p 1 ,. . ., p n } in Euclidean d -dimensional space, we address the problem of computing the d -dimensional annulus of smallest width containing the set. We give a complete characterization of the centers of annuli which are locally minimal in arbitrary dimension and we show that, for d=2 , a locally minimal annulus has two points on the inner circle and two points on the outer circle that interlace anglewise as seen from the center of the annulus. Using this characterization, we show that, given a circular order of the points, there is at most one locally minimal annulus consistent with that order and it can be computed in time O(n log n) using a simple algorithm. Furthermore, when points are in convex position, the problem can be solved in optimal Θ(n) time.