Exogenous Jasmonic and Abscisic Acids Act Differentially in Elongating Tissues from Oat Stem Segments
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- Montague, M. J Plant Growth Regul (1997) 16: 11. doi:10.1007/PL00006969
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Segments can be cut from the peducular-1 internode of oat (Avena sativa L.) shoots so as to contain the graviresponsive, auxin-sensitive leaf sheath pulvinus, and the gibberellin-sensitive internodal tissue. These two growth-capable tissues were used to study the effects and interactions of jasmonic acid (JA) and abscisic acid (ABA) in regulating cell elongation. When supplied alone at physiologic concentrations (10−5, 10−4m), JA promoted growth and cell wall synthesis in the internodal tissue, whereas by itself, ABA inhibited internodal elongation and even inhibited JA-promoted growth. When gibberellic acid (GA3) was used to stimulate internodal elongation, JA and ABA caused similar levels of inhibition and, at certain concentrations, were synergistic. Inhibition by ABA was initiated several hours earlier than inhibition by JA, and only the ABA effect could be partially overcome by 10−3m aminoethoxyvinylglycine. Both JA and ABA inhibited elongation of pulvinar tissue that was induced to grow by gravistimulus or auxin, although here JA was more potent than ABA at equimolar concentrations. When 10−5m fusicoccin was used as a general nonphysiologic growth stimulus, JA had no effect on the internode but inhibited the pulvinus, whereas ABA had no effect on the pulvinus but inhibited the internode. These results provide strong physiologic evidence that JA and ABA act by different mechanisms in the regulation of elongation, at least in this representative grass.