, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 43-49

Genomic organization of the extracellular coding region of the human FGFR4 and FLT4 genes: Evolution of the genes encoding receptor tyrosine kinases with immunoglobulin-like domains

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Abstract

Receptor tyrosine kinases with five, seven, and three Ig-like domains in their extracellular region are grouped in subclasses IIIa, IIIb, and IIIc, respectively. Here, we describe the genomic organization of the extracellular coding region of the human FGFR4 (IIIc) and FLT4 (IIIb) genes and compare it to that of the human FGFR1(IIIc), KIT, and FMS (IIIa). The results show that while genes belonging to the same subclass have an identical exon/intron structure in their extracellular coding region-as they do in their intracellular coding regiongenes of related subclasses only have a similar exon/ intron structure. These results strongly support the hypothesis that the genes of the three subclasses evolved from a common ancestor by duplications involving entire genes, already in pieces. Hypotheses on the origin of introns and on the difference in the number of extracellular Ig-like domains in the three gene subclasses are discussed.