Transformations on the Set of All n-Dimensional Subspaces of a Hilbert Space Preserving Principal Angles
- Cite this article as:
- Molnár, L. Commun. Math. Phys. (2001) 217: 409. doi:10.1007/PL00005551
- 72 Downloads
Wigner's classical theorem on symmetry transformations plays a fundamental role in quantum mechanics. It can be formulated, for example, in the following way: Every bijective transformation on the set ℒ of all 1-dimensional subspaces of a Hilbert space H which preserves the angle between the elements of ℒ is induced by either a unitary or an antiunitary operator on H. The aim of this paper is to extend Wigner's result from the 1-dimensional case to the case of n-dimensional subspaces of H with n∈ℕ fixed.