Inhibition of interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 release from immunologically activated human basophils due to the actions of anti-allergic drugs
- Cite this article as:
- Gibbs, B., Vollrath, I., Albrecht, C. et al. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Arch Pharmacol (1998) 357: 573. doi:10.1007/PL00005210
- 26 Downloads
Human basophils have recently been shown to rapidly produce and release interleukin (IL-)4 and IL-13 as well as histamine and eicosanoids. Since both IL-4 and IL-13 can initiate and maintain late phase allergic reactions we addressed whether some widely used anti-allergic drugs can inhibit the anti-IgE induced release of these cytokines from enriched human basophils. Basophils were enriched (47–92% purity) by Ficoll density centrifugation followed by elutriation and negative selection of contaminating cells using immunomagnetic beads. Basophils were stimulated with sub-optimal dilutions of anti-IgE in the presence or absence of various drugs and the release of histamine and cytokines were measured after 30 min and 4 h, respectively. The β-2 agonist salmeterol, the H1-receptor antagonist terfenadine and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor theophylline inhibited the release of IL-4 and IL-13 by more than 50% following 4 h of basophil stimulation with anti-IgE. These drugs also inhibited the release of histamine following 30 min stimulation, although with less efficacy than for IL-4 and IL-13. Short preincubation of basophils with salmeterol or terfenadine before stimulation gave rise to significantly greater inhibition of histamine release but had less effect on the inhibition of cytokine release. The effects of theophylline, however, were not significantly affected by preincubation of the cells with the drug. In contrast to the aforementioned drugs, salbutamol and cetirizine were ineffective at inhibiting both histamine and cytokine release from basophils. These results suggest that a number of anti-allergic drugs may mediate their effects, in part, in reducing late phase allergic responses due to their actions on IL-4 and IL-13 secretion from basophils.