Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology

, Volume 355, Issue 6, pp 682–688

Agonist activity of antimigraine drugs at recombinant human 5-HT1A receptors: potential implications for prophylactic and acute therapy

  • A. Newman-Tancredi
  • C. Conte
  • C. Chaput
  • L. Verrièle
  • V. Audinot-Bouchez
  • S. Lochon
  • G. Lavielle
  • M. J. Millan
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/PL00005000

Cite this article as:
Newman-Tancredi, A., Conte, C., Chaput, C. et al. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Arch Pharmacol (1997) 355: 682. doi:10.1007/PL00005000

Abstract

The actions of several serotonergic ligands in use or under development for the treatment of migraine headaches were examined at recombinant human 5-HT1A receptors stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. Affinities (Kis) at this site were determined in competition binding experiments with [3H]-8-OH-DPAT ([3H](±)8-hydroxy-N,N-dipropylaminotetralin), whilst agonist efficacy was measured by stimulation of [35S]-GTPγS (guanylyl-5’-[γ[35S]thio]-triphosphate) binding. Of the prophylactic antimigraine drugs tested, methysergide and lisuride behaved as efficacious agonists (Emax≥ 90 % relative to 5-HT) whereas pitozifen and (-)propranolol acted as a partial agonist (60 %) and an antagonist, respectively. This suggests that there is no correlation between agonism at 5-HT1A receptors and prophylactic antimigraine action. In contrast, serotonin, dihydroergotamine, sumatriptan, naratriptan and alniditan, which are effective in acute interruption of migraine attacks, each displayed high efficacy (Emax = 100, 100, 92.6, 79.3, 79.1 % respectively) and marked affinity (Ki = 18.7, 0.6, 127, 26.4 and 3.0 nM respectively) at 5-HT1A receptors. EC50 values for agonist stimulation of [35S]-GTPγS binding correlated with respective Ki values at 5-HT1A receptors (r = 0.93) and the stimulation of [35S]-GTPγS binding by these compounds was antagonised by the selective 5-HT1A antagonist WAY100,635 (N-{2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclo-hexanecarboxamide; 100 nM). These data suggest that agonism at 5-HT1A receptors may be involved in some actions of drugs used in acute antimigraine therapy. In comparison with the above compounds, novel ligands targeted at 5-HT1B/1D receptors, such as GR125,743(N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)phenyl]-3-methyl-4-(4-pyridyl)benzamide) and GR127,935 (N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-phenyl]-2’-methyl-4’-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl) -biphenyl-4-carboxamide), only weakly activated [35S]-GTPγS binding (32.4 and 32.1 % efficacy) and displayed moderate affinity at 5-HT1A receptors (Kis 53.1 and 49.8 nM) suggesting that they constitute useful tools to differentiate 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B/1D receptor-mediated actions. In conclusion, the present data indicates that several antimigraine agents exhibit marked 5-HT1A receptor activity and that although this is unlikely to be important for prophylactic action it may be relevant to the ancilliary properties of drugs used for acute migraine treatment.

Key words 5-HT1A Receptors5HT1D Receptors[35S]-GTPγS BindingMigraineSumatriptanNaratriptanAlniditanGR127935

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Newman-Tancredi
    • 1
  • C. Conte
    • 1
  • C. Chaput
    • 1
  • L. Verrièle
    • 1
  • V. Audinot-Bouchez
    • 1
  • S. Lochon
    • 1
  • G. Lavielle
    • 1
  • M. J. Millan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychopharmacology, Institut de Recherches Servier, 125, Chemin de Ronde, F-78290, Croissy-sur-Seine, FranceFR