, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 296-303

Vault Prolapse II: Restoration of Dynamic Vaginal Supports by Infracoccygeal Sacropexy, an Axial Day-Case Vaginal Procedure

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Abstract:

Our objective was to present and critically analyze the first 75 infracoccygeal sacropexy (ICS) operations for cure of vault prolapse. Level 1 reconstruction was achieved by the insertion of a tension-free vaginal tape (nylon) via the ischiorectal fossa into a transversely incised posterior vaginal fornix. Level 2 defects were repaired by cutting a central ‘bridge’ in the posterior vaginal wall and suturing the lateral flaps to the bridge. Level 3 repair reconstituted the perineal body. Postoperative pain was minimized by avoiding excessive tightening of tissues and avoiding surgery on the distal 1 cm of the vagina. Total operating time varied between 30 and 60 minutes. Mean blood loss was 120 ml. All patients were discharged within 24 hours of surgery, with minimal pain and without indwelling catheters. Almost all returned to normal activities within 7–10 days. Of the 75 patients (mean age 54 years), 71 were prospectively followed up between 1 and 4.5 years after surgery. Vault prolapse recurred in 6%. The main complication was tape erosion (5.3%). Infracoccygeal sacropexy is a promising day-case alternative to conventional methods. It has built-in safety, as it avoids pudendal nerves and vessels and surface rectal veins. Areas of future development are identified.