International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 22–28

Dietary Caffeine, Fluid Intake and Urinary Incontinence in Older Rural Women


  • B. U. Tomlinson
    • School of Nursing, Hawaii Pacific University, Honolulu, HI
  • M. C. Dougherty
    • School of Nursing, University of North Carolina
  • J. F. Pendergast
    • Dept of Biostatistics, University of Florida, Gainesville
  • A. R. Boyington
    • School of Nursing, University of North Carolina
  • M. A. Coffman
    • Bladder and Pelvic Floor Treatment Center, Orange Park, FL
  • S. M. Pickens
    • Nurse Corps, Little Rock US Air Force Base, Jacksonville, AR, USA
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/PL00004009

Cite this article as:
Tomlinson, B., Dougherty, M., Pendergast, J. et al. Int Urogynecol J (1999) 10: 22. doi:10.1007/PL00004009


Forty-one women completed the first phase (self-monitoring) of the Behavioral Management for Continence (BMC) intervention, while working with a nurse during home visits to reduce involuntary urine loss as part of the parent study involving older, rural women living at home. A decrease in dietary caffeine intake and an increase in fluid intake were most frequently recommended. The relationship between a decrease in the amount of dietary caffeine consumed and fewer daytime episodes of involuntary urine loss approached significance –P = 0.0744 – whereas an increase in the average amount of fluid intake was significantly related to an increase in the average volume of urine voided –P = 0.0479 – and not to involuntary urine loss.

Key words:Behavioral management – Caffeine – Fluid intake – Incontinence

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1999