Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 542–551

Molecular mimicry: a critical look at exemplary instances in human diseases

Authors

  • N. R. Rose*
    • Department of Pathology and Department of Molecular Microbiology and Infectious Disease, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions/E5014, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore (Maryland 21205, USA), e-mail: nrrose@jhsph.edu
  • I. R. Mackay
    • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia)

DOI: 10.1007/PL00000716

Cite this article as:
Rose*, N. & Mackay, I. CMLS, Cell. Mol. Life Sci. (2000) 57: 542. doi:10.1007/PL00000716

Abstract.

Molecular mimicry, the concept that antigenic determinants of microorganisms resemble antigenic determinants of the host, is frequently cited as a plausible mechanism to account for the association of infection and autoimmune disease. Based on analogous sequences of amino acids or on cross-reactions of monoclonal antibodies, numerous examples of such mimicry have been reported. There are, however, no clear examples of a human disease caused by molecular mimicry.

Key words. Autoimmunity; molecular mimicry; myocarditis; type 1 diabetes; Lyme disease; rheumatoid arthritis; ankylosing spondylitis; multiple sclerosis.

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, 2000