Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2010:144

On measurement of top polarization as a probe of \( t\bar{t} \) production mechanisms at the LHC

  • Rohini M. Godbole
  • Kumar Rao
  • Saurabh D. Rindani
  • Ritesh K. Singh
Open AccessArticle

DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2010)144

Cite this article as:
Godbole, R.M., Rao, K., Rindani, S.D. et al. J. High Energ. Phys. (2010) 2010: 144. doi:10.1007/JHEP11(2010)144

Abstract

In this note we demonstrate the use of top polarization in the study of \( t\bar{t} \) resonances at the LHC, in the possible case where the dynamic s implies a non-zero top polarization. As a probe of top polarization we construct an asymmetry in the decay-lepton azimuthal angle distribution (corresponding to the sign of cos ϕ) in the laboratory. The asymmetry is non-vanishing even for a symmetric collider li ke the LHC, where a positive z axis is not uniquely defined. The angular distribution of the leptons has the advantage of being a faithful top-spin analyzer, unaffected by possible anomalous tbW couplings, to linear order. We study, for purposes of demonstration, the case of a Z′ as might exist in the little Higgs models. We identify kinematic cuts which ensure that our asymmetry reflects the polarization in sign and magnitude. We investigate poss ibilities at the LHC with two energy options: \( \sqrt {s} = 14\;{\text{TeV}} \) and \( \sqrt {s} = 7\;{\text{TeV}} \), as well as at the Tevatron. At the LHC the model predicts net top quark polarization of the order of a fe w per cent for MZ ≃ 1200 GeV, being as high as 10% for a smaller mass of the Z′ of 700 GeV and for the largest allowed coupling in the model, the values being higher for the 7 TeV op tion. These polarizations translate to a deviation from the standard-model value of az imuthal asymmetry of up to about 4% (7%) for 14 (7) TeV LHC, whereas for the Tevatron, val ues as high as 12% are attained. For the 14 TeV LHC with an integrated luminosity of 10 fb−1, these numbers translate into a 3σ sensitivity over a large part of the range 500 ≲ MZ ≲ 1500 GeV.

Keywords

Beyond Standard ModelHeavy Quark PhysicsStandard Model
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© The Author(s) 2010

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rohini M. Godbole
    • 1
    • 5
  • Kumar Rao
    • 2
  • Saurabh D. Rindani
    • 3
  • Ritesh K. Singh
    • 4
  1. 1.Theory UnitCERNGeneva 23Switzerland
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of PhysicsHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Theoretical Physics DivisionPhysical Research LaboratoryNavrangpura, AhmedabadIndia
  4. 4.Institut für Theoretische Physik und AstronomieUniversität WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  5. 5.Center for High Energy PhysicsIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia