Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 93-105

First online:

Epidemiology of major age-related diseases in women compared to men

  • S. GiampaoliAffiliated withLaboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanità Email author 

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Many observations indicate that women have a longer life expectancy than men. Population-based studies report that mortality and morbidity are higher in men than in women. The gender difference is constant in cardiovascular disease, cancer and dementia, the more frequent diseases in industrialized countries; these chronic conditions strongly influence longevity and quality of life in old persons. Biological, behavioral and environmental factors emerge as major contributors to the difference in mortality, morbidity and case fatality. However, the causes of gender differences remain poorly understood.

Key words

Elderly epidemiology gender difference morbidity mortality