, Volume 50, Issue 18, pp 2074-2079
Date: 16 May 2013

The terrestrial NPP simulations in China since Last Glacial Maximum

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Abstract

Based on Atmosphere-Vegetation Interaction Model (AVIM), the magnitude and spatial distribution of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) in China is simulated during three different geological eras, Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), Mid-Holocene (MH) and the present. The simulation shows that the glacial-interglacial variation of East Asian summer monsoon in China is the key factor affecting the NPP change. During the three eras, mean NPPs are 208 g/m2.a, 409 g/m2.a, and 355 g/m2.a. The total NPPs are 2.05 Pg/a, 3.89 Pg/a and 3.33 Pg/a, respectively. The terrestrial NPP in China during warm-humid climate is larger than that during cold-arid eras, and the correlation analysis between NPP and climate factors suggests that temperature is the primary factor affecting the terrestrial NPP during 21 kaBP (LGM), and for 6 kaBP (MH) and the present the primary factor is precipitation.