Article

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 267-271

First online:

Prevalence of dental erosion in Greek minority school children in Istanbul

  • Esber CaglarAffiliated withDept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University Email author 
  • , N. SandalliAffiliated withDept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University
  • , N. PanagiotouAffiliated withDept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University
  • , K. TongucAffiliated withDept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University
  • , O. O. KuscuAffiliated withDept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University

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Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and aetiology of dental erosion in Greek minority school children living in Istanbul (Turkey). METHODS: The present study was initiated in four Greek minority elementary schools in Istanbul where a total of 83 children (46 girls, 37 boys) between ages 7–14 years old were examined. Children were categorised into 7–11 and 12–14 ages groups. Data were obtained by clinical examination, questionnaire and standard data records. All tooth surfaces were examined, dental erosion was recorded per tooth and classified according to the index of Lussi et al. [1996] RESULTS: In the 7–11 yrs old group, 47.4% (n:18) of the children exhibited dental erosion while in 12–14 yrs old group, 52.6% (n:20) of the children exhibited dental erosion. There were no statitistical differences between age, gender groups and findings of dental erosion (p>0.05). However prevalence of dental erosion in 12–14 yrs old was twice that of the 7–11 years old children. In general, an unusual drinking pattern of slow swallowing of beverages significantly affected the prevalence of dental erosion (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Multiple regression analysis revealed no relationship between dental erosion and related erosive sources such as medical conditions, brushing habits, swimming, and the consumption of acidic fruit juices and beverages (p>0.05). However it should be noted that the sample size in the current study was small.

Key words

dental erosion epidemiology Greek minority Istanbul orange juice swimming