Patterns of genetic variation within a captive population of Amur tiger Panthera tigris altaica
Received: 02 April 2003 Accepted: 29 September 2004 DOI:
10.1007/BF03192615 Cite this article as: Zheng, D., Liu, X. & Ma, J. Acta Theriol (2005) 50: 23. doi:10.1007/BF03192615 Abstract
Eight founders and thirty-one descendants were sampled as the Founder group and the Offspring group respectively from a captive population of Amur tiger
Panthera tigris altaica Temminck, 1844 for population genetic analysis with RAPD and ISSR markers. Integrated with demographic data during the initial recovery stage, results showed: (1) increasing the population size ( N) and the effective population size ( N e) greatly retard lose of genetic variation induced mainly by genetic drift and selection; (2) recombination and admixture could cause the Offspring group (5.711%) and the Founder group (10.383%) to hold different linkage disequilibrium (LD); (3) further Ohta’s variance analysis indicated genetic drift (87.3%) and epistatic selection (12.7%) maintained LD in population, whereas GENEDROP analysis supported epistatic selection largely derived from artificial selection of managers; (4) both Tajima’s test and Fu’s test confirmed the statistic neutrality of genetic markers used, moreover the positive value of Tajima’s D (0.090) together with the result that π (25.286) was bigger than ϑ (24.898) revealed the Founder group was admixture population, while the negative Tajima’s D value (−0.053) together with the result that π (23.679) was less than ϑ (23.912) disclosed the Offspring group experienced selective sweep. Key words Panthera tigris altaica gene diversity captive population linkage disequilibrium neutrality test
Associate Editor was Joseph F. Merritt.
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